link
What Should I Know About Cabinet Warranties?
link
So Many Cabinet Brands - What's Different About Them?
link
How Do I Determine How Much Cabinets Will Cost?
link
link
What Do I Need To Know?
link
Choosing Kitchen Cabinets - Where Do I Begin?
Auburn Custom Kitchens
Auburn Custom Kitchens
Custom Cabinets without the Custom Price
CABINETS 101
BACK
Choosing kitchen cabinets is one of the more involved decisions you'll make for your kitchen, but it doesn't have to
be that difficult. There's a sort of 'technical nature' associated with choosing cabinetry because it involves more
than just picking door styles and stain color.

Because cabinets generally consume about half of the typical kitchen budget you'll want to be sure you know what
you're getting for your money. To do that it makes sense to understand the differences in cabinet construction and
materials and how those elements impact their quality and durability.

But don't fret! We hope to demystify the process for you so that there's still some fun in choosing your new kitchen
cabinets.
The following questions are aimed at clarifying your goals for how you want your kitchen to look and function so
that you'll ultimately be satisfied with the end result. Here are some things to consider:

What don't you like about your current kitchen cabinets?
Pin down exactly what it is you dislike about your current cabinet situation so that you'll be specific when looking for
solutions in your new cabinets.

Do you not have enough space or maybe it's poorly allocated space (like the 3-ft deep upper cabinet that you can
only reach the first 12 inches of)? Maybe your current kitchen cabinets are just the wrong style or perhaps they
don't have good organizational features.

The more specific you can be about what it is you want to have or change, the more focused you'll be about
targeting the right options from the myriad that are available with new kitchen cabinets.

How long do you plan on staying in the home - are you updating for the purpose of reselling or
do you plan on staying long term?
The answer to this question may determine the price you're willing to pay as well as the level of customization and
uniqueness and the quality of construction you want to build in. If you plan to stay in your current home indefinitely,
you may want to spend more of your budget on durable construction and materials. On the other hand, if you're a
real estate investor interested in house flipping for a quick resale, you may want to limit your investment to a
functional but more cost-effective cabinet style and construction.

What is the style of your home and your kitchen?
Your existing decor and style of home plays a role in the type of cabinetry to choose. The converse is also true too
-- the style of cabinets you choose will influence the look and style of your kitchen.

Do you want to stay with the existing style or are you looking to change it? Period cabinets are appropriate for
classic antique homes where retaining the style of that era is desired. Updated European style cabinets work well in
a contemporary kitchen.

Regardless of which way you go, identifying the style you're looking for will help narrow the focus on cabinet
choices and also provide some guidance to kitchen designers or cabinets makers you might work with.

Are you looking for environmentally friendly cabinet choices?
Your cabinet choices can be green too, with options like bamboo, reclaimed wood or wheat board. As the green
movement continues to grow so do the choices for home products, including cabinetry. Sources for bamboo
cabinets and other renewable and sustainable cabinet materials are also growing with the demand, making it easier
to find and purchase these types of cabinets.

Do you need cabinets for an outdoor kitchen?
Yes, there are cabinets for outdoor kitchens too. Because of their outside location you'll need to look at outdoor
cabinet sources however. Although they serve the same purpose as their indoor counterparts outdoor kitchen
cabinets need to be made from materials that can stand up to the elements.

What amount of storage space do you need? Is it greater than what you currently have?
Look at what you currently have on your countertops or in other places that you'd like to have storage space for
inside the cabinets. Knowing how much "stuff" you need space for in your cabinets will help you get an
understanding of the amount of cabinet space you'll need. Remember that the fewer items you permanently 'store'
on your countertops (like a cake mixer) the more working space you'll have.

What is most important to you - aesthetic appeal or durability and quality construction?
Let's face it; all of the advertisements and magazine articles we see depicting kitchen cabinets are usually
high-end, expensive designs with lots of up-charge options. Achieving your dream kitchen is a worthy goal but be
realistic. When there's a limited budget it may not be possible to afford high quality materials and construction as
well as exotic woods and finishes. Be wise about allocating your money between quality materials/construction and
aesthetic items like door styles, finishes and ornamentation. Usually there's a happy medium somewhere in
between.

Do you really need completely new cabinets or will a face-lift suffice?
If your current cabinets are in good condition, you don't need or want to change the current layout of your kitchen,
and your not changing your counter top, then perhaps all you need is a refreshment of the current style.

Replacement cabinet doors and new cabinet hinges (Refacing) are available to provide a new look and style to
your existing cabinets at a fraction of the cost of new cabinets.  This is a great option if you are not changing your
counter top. If you are looking to change your counter top, we recommend getting quotes for Refacing as well as
new cabinetry.  Most homeowners, who have gotten comparative quotes, have found it cost just as much, if not
more, to Reface cabinetry versus new cabinetry. The overall cost savings is if the counter tops are not being
changed out.

Replacing the cabinet knobs and pulls with new ones is another way to change the look of existing cabinets.
You don't need to be a kitchen designer or a cabinet maker for that matter to be an informed cabinet buyer. But
there are a few things you should know to be a more informed cabinet shopper.

Listed below are some important elements that you should become more familiar with --

•        Terminology
•        Stock / Semi-Custom / Custom
•        Construction and Quality
•        Different Ways to Buy

Cabinet Terminology
When shopping for kitchen cabinets it helps to acquaint yourself with the terminology. There's no need to make this
a boring homework assignment but if you know a little bit about the language, it helps when doing your research or
when talking with kitchen designers or cabinet makers.

Skim over our cabinet glossary page to get familiar with the typical terms (or when you're having trouble sleeping)
and then amaze your friends with your command of cabinet-speak.

Stock, Semi-Custom and Custom Cabinets
Another part of kitchen cabinetry that tends to get misunderstood involves the terms stock, semi-custom and
custom. Contrary to what many people think, these terms are not related to the quality of cabinets but rather, how
they're manufactured. Here are the basic definitions:

•        
Stock - Stock kitchen cabinets are pre-manufactured in specific sizes, typically 3" increments, with few if
       any options for "customization" other than some limited choices the manufacturer might offer. They are
       off-the-shelf products in a limited range of styles.

•        
Semi-Custom - Semi-custom cabinets are like stock in that they're also pre-manufactured but come with
       a wider array of options and sizes than pure stock cabinets. With semi-custom you have some ability to
       pick and choose various details to tailor an otherwise pre-built stock cabinet. In other words, you have
       some 'customization' choices.

•        
Custom - Custom cabinets are built to the customer's specifications, with no limitation on size, style
       choices, wood grade or finish. They are truly made-to-order. They may be fancy or they may be plain
       but the difference is that they're made to suit your specific design requirements, in whatever size, form,
       color and material you can get someone to produce for you.

If these definitions still don't clear things up for you, consider the following analogy:

Stock cabinets are like the car you buy right off the dealer's lot. You have to take it for what it is, with no ability to
choose any options or upgrades.

Semi-custom cabinets are similar to the car that you factory-order through the dealer, with the ability to specify
color, upholstery and other options. It's still a Ford or Chrysler and it's mass-produced, but you have a list of
options to choose from and have some say in the makeup of the final product.

Custom cabinets are analogous to walking into the dealership and having them build a completely new car for you,
per your design, from the ground up, with no boundaries whatsoever. And it doesn't have to look anything like a
Ford or Chrysler.

If there's anything to take away from this discussion on stock/semi-custom/custom, remember that we're talking
about how the cabinets are manufactured and not about quality or decorative style. Custom cabinets don't
necessarily imply quality cabinets. Hand-built, made-to-order cabinets can still be poorly constructed. Conversely
stock cabinets that are produced in mass quantities and limited sizes can also be manufactured with solid
construction and quality materials.


Construction And Quality
The overall quality of kitchen cabinets is closely linked to their construction, meaning how they're put together and
the materials they're made from. You'll be wise to pay close attention to these key features, particularly if you
expect to live with your cabinets for a long time. Kitchen cabinets, particularly the drawers, take a lot of punishment
so paying for some durability is a wise investment.

Key points to be aware of include the following:

•        
Materials - they include particle board, MDF (medium density fiberboard), plywood, solid wood, metal
       and laminate/melamine (the laminate or melamine is laid over the particle board or similar substrate).

•        
Construction and Design - kitchen cabinets are constructed in one of two different design styles --
       framed or frameless. Framed cabinets employ a wood frame that outlines the front of the cabinet box.
       Frameless cabinets do not have this feature. Also, the joinery and techniques used to assemble and
       support kitchen cabinets vary. Structural braces are made from plastic, wood or metal. Methods of
       joinery include hot-glue, staples and nails, or, more intricate woodworking techniques like dovetails and
       dadoes.

•        
Hardware - drawer slides vary in level of quality (some use ball bearings whereas others use nylon
       wheels/rollers) and physical location on the drawer (sidemount or on the bottom) which affects available
       drawer space. Shelf mounting brackets can be either plastic or metal.
Determining how much your kitchen cabinets will cost depends on a realm of factors but the best place to start
is by establishing a budget for your new or renovated kitchen. There are some general guidelines for
budgeting items like cabinets, countertops and appliances so by starting with a budget, you'll be able to zero in
on what you should expect to spend on cabinets.

Industry statistics show that on average, cabinets make up approximately 50% of the kitchen budget which is
also the largest percentage of overall expenditures for the kitchen. Using this as a guideline you'll be able to
determine what your allowance for cabinet spending should be. There's nothing holding you back from
spending more or less but this just means that the other parts of your kitchen will make up correspondingly
higher or lower percentages of the overall budget. So, if your kitchen remodeling budget is $25,000, expect to
pay roughly $12,500 for cabinets. Again, this assumes average statistics.

Once you have an idea of what you're willing to spend on cabinets, you'll be better equipped to make choices
on the wide range of options available to you.

One final note on costs: cabinets are priced based on the availability and quantity of bells and whistles that
they incorporate. Options and upgrades abound and including them in your cabinets will increase the price.
These options include everything from the materials used to construct them to the range of finishes to the
organizing gadgets that go inside them. The key is to prioritize what it is you really want/need by asking and
answering some questions and making sure those 'must-haves' fit into your budget.
There are literally hundreds of cabinet producers and probably thousands when you include all the local and small-
business cabinet makers. While there is skill and craftsmanship necessary to produce quality results, making
quality cabinets doesn't necessarily require highly complex machinery or factory conditions. In other words, you
may find a talented carpenter or local cabinetmaker with the ability to produce fine cabinetry.

Given the number of cabinet producers, you're probably asking what the differences are, if any, among them all. In
reality, the differences are really found in the same general categories that make them similar. It's back to the car
analogy again: the auto manufacturers all make vehicles that do the same job; they're just variations on a theme.

How They're Similar

•        Materials - Cabinets are made from a finite range of materials and finishes so unless someone is
       making cabinets out of bricks, most if not all will use similar materials (predominantly wood and wood-
       based products, melamine, laminate and some metals).

•        
Construction Style - Cabinets fall into two style categories - framed and frameless. Regardless of
        which manufacturer you choose, they'll produce either one or both of these styles.

•        
Options - Just like with cars, cabinet makers offer a varied array of options and price points.

How They're Different

•        Stock / Semi-custom / Custom - How the cabinets are produced will vary among the manufacturers
       with some offering only custom pieces and others providing only stock or a combination of manufacturing
       methods.

•        
Quality - Not all manufacturers are created equal; there are those that offer more premium products in
       the way of materials, construction and options. Some manufacturers offer several product lines with
       graduated levels of what would be considered quality features (such as better materials and finishes).

•        
Access to Market - some cabinet makes are available through big-box home retailers while others are
       through select dealers or designers. Other cabinet lines are available through the internet with direct
       delivery to your door. Smaller local cabinet makers may sell directly from their shop.

So what's the bottom line when it comes down to sorting through all the various cabinet makers? There's no right or
wrong way to narrow down to a short list of candidates but here are some suggestions:

•        Start by saving some ads from magazines on various manufacturers that appeal to you. Using the internet is   
a good way to find out more about them since most brands provide fairly good information on product lines,
materials and construction. Most manufacturer websites will also tell you where you can find their products.

•        Next, go out and look at some actual product. Even if the brands you like aren't available locally, still get out
and view some cabinets. You can do this by visiting any home-improvement retailer or by visiting some
kitchen design firms. This way you'll actually see the differences in methods of construction and quality.

•        Finally, narrow your field of brand/cabinet maker options based on your research and then focus on obtaining
cost quotes for the cabinets and installation for comparison purposes.
Virtually all kitchen cabinet makers offer a warranty with their product. If they don't, that should be a red flag.
Cabinets are not a cheap expenditure and they get a lot of use so regardless of where you buy them, make sure
you understand the warranty.

The warranties offered by cabinet manufacturers vary with regard to what's covered, the duration of the warranty
and the manufacturer. A good rule of thumb is that cabinet makers who build quality products are not afraid to
stand behind them with a solid warranty. The key points to consider are as follows:

•        
Duration - How long is the product warranted? What you'll find here are different levels or tiers of
       cabinet warranty coverage, depending on the manufacturer. Typical durations are 1 year, 5 years or
       lifetime coverage.

       Be aware of what the manufacturer considers "lifetime"; some warranties state that a kitchen cabinet's
       lifetime is considered to be 10 years. This may or may not be a long time depending on your perspective
       and how long you plan on staying in the same house or with the same style of kitchen.

       Some manufacturers also vary the warranty coverage within their product lines. Lower-end product lines
       have the shortest or most limited warranty whereas the high-end line enjoys the longest warranty period.

    













•        
Coverage - Find out specifically what's covered and what's not. Most if not all warranties will cover
       defects in workmanship and materials. They usually won't cover any damage that's inflicted once the
       cabinets are in place or the result of improper use or care. Some manufacturers also won't cover parts
       that do not have a finish (i.e. bare wood).

       Some makers of kitchen cabinets provide warranty on separate parts of the cabinet like drawers, drawer
       slides, hinges and similar hardware. These items are covered separately from the more generic
       coverage on the cabinet boxes and may also have different levels of coverage. For example one cabinet
       maker offers a 5 year warranty on workmanship and materials and a limited lifetime warranty on the
       drawers and drawer guides.

•        
Compensation - What's actually provided to you should you have a legitimate warranty claim? In most if
       not all cases cabinet warranties provide either repair or replacement of the defective component, at the
       discretion of the manufacturer. Some may offer reimbursement of the cost of the parts if they are no
       longer available.

       One thing to keep in mind is that usually only the defective part or parts are covered by the cabinet
       warranty. There is typically no compensation for any labor or parts required to gain access to repair or
       replace the defective cabinet parts. Examples would be the requirement to remove countertops or
       appliances.

The point here is to highlight that while kitchen cabinet warranties are not complex, there are enough differences
and nuances between manufacturers and product lines to make it worthwhile to understand them clearly.
There are a number of kitchen cabinet manufacturers whose products bear the certification seal of the KCMA, the
Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association. The KCMA is a trade organization dedicated to supporting the cabinet
industry and its associated suppliers.

The KCMA certifies kitchen cabinets based on a series of tests performed in accordance with industry standards
established by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the KCMA. Cabinets that meet these
standards carry the blue and white seal signifying KCMA certification.

One thing to note however is that not all producers of kitchen cabinets choose to become certified since it's a
voluntary program. Cabinet makers whose products aren't certified shouldn't be judged to have inferior products
either. What certification does for you is that it identifies cabinet products that have met a set of standards
established by the cabinet industry to represent quality and durability. More information on the KCMA's certification
can be found here at the KCMA Performance Testing & Certification Directory web page.

Helpful information on the KCMA website includes a list of KCMA members (cabinet makers and related industry
suppliers) as well as a listing of manufacturers with products that are KCMA-certified. There's also a consumer
information section but it's somewhat sparse. However the cabinet manufacturer directory is helpful particularly with
regard to the list of certified cabinet makers and links to their websites.
Choosing Kitchen Cabinets
Where To Start And What To Know
Page Sections At A Glance
Editor’s Comment

      Personally, I think 10 years is on the low side of any range of cabinet life.
      I say this because I have cabinets in my home that are original to when the
      house was built in 1965 -- that's over 40 years. The drawer slides and
      fronts have worn out but the cabinet boxes, frames, shelves, doors and
      hinges are still solid.

      If a kitchen cabinet manufacturer believes their product's working life is only
      10 years, I am inclined to doubt the quality of that product. Call me
      old-fashioned but I think cabinets that are well made should last longer than
      10 years under normal use.
                   Cabinet
Certification

Choosing Cabinets - Where Do I Begin?

What Do I Need To Know?

How Do I Determine How Much Cabinets Will Cost?

So Many Cabinet Brands - What's Different About Them?

What Should I Know About Cabinet Warranties?

Cabinet Certification